Different Types of Pollution You Should Know

Different Types of Pollution You Should Know
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In this article,Let’s newsciencez.com learn more details below:Different Types of Pollution You Should Know

The term “pollution” refers to any substance that negatively impacts the environment or organisms that live within the affected environment. With global warming taking center stage and becoming a prominent issue, pollution has become one of the most important problems that are currently being tackled at a global level.

Types of Pollution

1. Air Pollution

types of pollution

 

A major source of air pollution results from the burning of fossil fuels. Vehicle and factory emissions are common sources of this type of air pollution. The burning of fossil fuels contributes to the formation of smog, a dense layer of particulate matter that hangs like a cloud over many major cities and industrial zones.

Air pollution contributes to respiratory problems such as asthma, lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, and other lung ailments. Nitrogen and sulfur oxides in the air contribute to acid rain, which is a form of precipitation with a lower (more acidic) pH than normal. Acid rain harms forests, species that live in water bodies, and degrades outdoor statues, monuments, and buildings.

2. Water Pollution

types of pollution

A major source of water pollution is runoff from agricultural fields, industrial sites, or urban areas. Runoff disrupts the water body’s natural balance. For example, agricultural runoff typically includes fertilizer or toxic chemicals.

Fertilizer can cause algal blooms (an explosive growth of algae), choking out other plants and decreasing the amount of available oxygen necessary for the survival of other species.

Raw sewage is another type of water pollutant. When sewage gets into the drinking water supply, serious stomach and digestive issues may result, including the spread of diseases such as typhoid or dysentery.

The third source of water pollution is trash. Improperly disposed of items, such as plastic bags, fishing line, and other materials may accumulate in the water and lead to the premature death of animals that get tangled within the garbage.

3. Soil Pollution

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Soil pollution, also known as land pollution is the contamination of the soil or the land that prevents the growth of natural life, which includes land used for cultivating, wildlife as well as habitation.

Common causes of soil pollution include non-sustainable farming practices, hazardous wastage, and seepage into the soil, mining as well as littering. Soil pollution can result in reduced growth of agriculture as well as the poisoning of the land and nearby water.

4. Noise Pollution

types of pollution

 

Noise pollution is the loud noise that is created by human activity that disrupts the standard of living in the affected area.

Pollution can stem from things such as traffic, railroads, concerts, loud music, airplanes, fireworks, etc. Any noise that disrupts the ability of a person to perform can be termed as noise pollution. This can result in temporary or permanent loss of hearing as well as disturbances to wildlife.

5. Thermal Pollution

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Thermal pollution occurs when water bodies are degraded in terms of altering their temperatures. It commonly happens when people or industries undertake activities that suddenly decrease or increase the temperature of a natural water body which may include lakes, rivers, oceans, or ponds.

Thermal pollution is currently a huge menace and is mainly influenced by power plants and industrial manufacturers that use water as a coolant. Urban stormwater runoff from parking lots and roads also discharges water of elevated temperatures into adjacent water bodies.

When water is either used as a coolant, discharged from stormwater runoff at elevated temperatures, or released from reservoirs with unnaturally cold temperatures, it changes the natural temperature of water bodies. Therefore, thermal pollution is one aspect of the wider subject of water pollution.

6. Light Pollution

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Light pollution occurs due to lengthened and excessive use of artificial lights, such that it results in the brightening of the skies. As a consequence, it upsets the activities and natural cycles of wildlife and also affects the welfare of humans. Whenever artificial lights are used where they are not intended, it causes a nuisance.

For instance, too much outdoor light intruding into neighbor’s bedrooms can disrupt their sleep. Likewise, too much indoor light has implications on the health of the inhabitants of that room. Light pollution is also referred to as luminous pollution or photo pollution.

The types of light pollution include glare, light trespass, and sky glow. City lighting, advertising and billboards, and nighttime entertainments are some of the main contributors of light pollution.

7. Radioactive Pollution

Radioactive Pollution speech

 

This is one of the most dangerous forms of pollution as it is extremely harmful and can even result in death. This type of pollution has risen in the 20th century with the rise of atomic physics and nuclear weapons. Radioactive pollution results in the pollution of the air and land with radioactive poisoning. It can happen from leakages or accidents at nuclear power plants, as well as from improper disposal of nuclear waste.

This pollution results in birth defects, cancer, deteriorating health, and even death.

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